Mammary system A preview by Dr.Rajinikanth 1

Mammary system A preview by Dr.Rajinikanth

WHAT IS MAMMARY GLAND Mammary gland originate from ectoderm and it’s a glands which are modified sweat (sudoriferous) glands in classification, this skin gland located outside of abdominal cavity Note: Sudoriferous gland: The sudoriferous...

WHAT IS OXIDATIVE STRESS??? 0

WHAT IS OXIDATIVE STRESS???

Oxidation and production of free radicals are unavoidable part of aerobic metabolism. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are formed inside the cells as a result of normal physiological functions like electron transport chain with in...

Measuring stress using molecular tools 0

Measuring stress using molecular tools

Molecular level tools to assess body stress responses depends on type of stress. In general several molecules like Heat shock proteins (HSP-70 & HSP-90) and p53 value changes when animal are under stress. Most of molecular changes...

How endocrine systems respond to stress? 0

How endocrine systems respond to stress?

In general all physiological responses to stress are guided by enhanced pituitary- hypothalamic and adrenal activity to bring back the body homeostasis. Endocrine responses to these stressors are of two kinds which include emergency...

Can Stress be Measured? 0

Can Stress be Measured?

Measurement of level of stress is very important to differentiate good and bad stress. But the stress and its effects are so complex that accurate discrimination of Eustress and Distress is quite difficult with...